HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The main causes of HIV are attributed to this virus. When it is left untreated, HIV can result in AIDS. AIDS means Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
HIV is known to attack the immune system of the body, especially the CD4 cells (T cells). The T cells are vital in assisting the immune system fight off infections. When HIV is left untreated, it results in the reduction in the number of CD4 cells in your body. A decrease in the level of CD4 cells exposes the body to many types of infections. HIV can destroy many of these cells leading to a compromised immune system. This may result in the emergence of opportunistic infections. These infections signal that you have AIDS, which is the last state of HIV infections.
Here are 20 things that everyone should know about HIV:
1. There’s no cure yet
Currently, there exists no effective cure for HIV, but it is possible to control the condition with proper treatment and medical care.
2. Testing is simple
You can know if you have HIV by getting tested. Testing is a relatively simple procedure. People who suspect they have HIV should request testing for confirmation.
Currently, many substance abuse programs, medical clinics, community health centers and hospitals are known to offer testing services. Home testing kits are available in drug stores or online.